The Municipality is predominantly covered with Savannah type of Mosaic consisting of a mixture of forestry remnants and savannah trees with grass and shrubs. Much of it is secondary that has succeeded the original forest cover as a result of farming, fuel harvesting, Charcoal burning, and other forms of land use. Tree cover has continuously gone down due to unsustainable exploitation resulting from high demand for timber, fuel wood and expansion of farmland to meet the basic demands of the ever-growing population.
The town has both surface and underground water sources. It has wetlands and small rivers such as River Solo and River Okame.
The Municipality is dominated by undulating plain topography with an altitude of about 1128 meters above sea level. The town is located in a fairly flat area, with some few low-lying areas, which form small valleys. The most significant valleys are those forming banks to River Solo and River Okame.